Glaucoma – sometimes called the “sneak thief of sight” – is an eye disease that involves a build-up of intraocular pressure, which can damage your optic nerve and lead to vision loss. Open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the disease, often does not produce any noticeable symptoms until its most advanced stage, meaning you may not be aware you actually have glaucoma until it is too late.
Early detection of glaucoma is essential in order to protect your eyesight, which is why it’s important to be regularly tested for glaucoma during a comprehensive annual eye exam. Although anyone can develop glaucoma, certain people are more at risk than others. The primary risk factors for glaucoma include:
- 45+ years old
- Myopia (nearsightedness)
- Hyperopia (farsightedness)
- Family history of glaucoma
- Injury to the eye
- Use of steroids (cortisone)
People with hyperopia may be at a higher risk of angle-closure glaucoma because of the narrow drainage angles in their eyes. Angle-closure glaucoma is an acute, rapidly-developing form of glaucoma that can lead to sudden vision loss. If symptoms occur, you need to be treated immediately.
If you have further questions about glaucoma, please contact Summit Eye Care today or call (866) 765-8190 today to schedule your initial consultation. We serve patients in Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Kernersville, and surrounding areas of North Carolina.