Hyperopia, also called farsightedness, is a vision condition in which distant objects can be seen clearly, but close ones do not come into proper focus. People with hyperopia may have difficulty concentration and maintaining a clear focus on near objects, eye strain, fatigue and/or headaches after close work, aching or burning eyes, and irritability or nervousness after sustained concentration.
Diagnosing hyperopia can be difficult. Most vision screenings, such as those performed at pediatrician offices and at school, are not able to pick up on patients with hyperopia. Some mild to moderate cases can go undiagnosed during vision screenings because the patient is able to compensate, which is not the natural way the eye should function.
Hyperopia occurs if the eyeball is to short or the cornea (the clear front cover of the eye) is too flat. As a result, the light entering the eye isn’t focused correctly, causing distant objects to become blurred.
Hyperopia can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or corrective surgery.